Fern is a leafy plant that lives in a quite humid place. This plant is often also called as wild plants. Fern is an ornamental plant. It is suitable to be cultivated at high altitudes up to a height of 800 meters above sea level. If the fern is planted in areas with altitude above 2000 m above sea level, the fern leaf quality is getting better, but growth is slowing. Fern seed per hectare requires approximately 60,000 stems and the harvest will be achieved after reaching the age of 15 months up to the age of 12 years. There are several types of ferns traded. It has a higher selling price such as cycads, elephant ferns, and small fern.
Based on the color of the stems, ferns are divided into two groups. They are brown and black. From the two types, black fern stems are more commonly used as a planting media. Black fern stem is derived from old ferns in drier conditions. Black fern is easily formed into small chunks and chopped known as ferns. Petiole length can reach 150 cm, with the leaves of the hard bone.
Cycads from fern are a group of gymnosperm and it is also the only genus in the tribe of cycads. This kind of fern has male and female plants. The pollen produced by the male plants grows from the stem. The female grows from the sidelines armpit of leaves. Planting fern requires particular attention especially to four elements that affect the growth of ferns. They are sun, air temperature, humidity and air circulation. This plant should be placed in the shade and sheltered direct sunlight. It cannot be exposed to excessive heat which will cause the leaves growing slowly. The fern leaves will turn yellow and dry. The high ferns can grow more than two meters and can be formed according to its beauty. The air temperature should be closer to the range of 14-28 ° C. It will develop chlorophyll optimally. Besides, the leaves become shiny and having sharper color. The ideal humidity range is from 80 percent to 90 percent to avoid damage to leaves. If there is too much moisture, it will invite fungus. In the maintenance, it will be better to place fern in the room for good air circulation. Good media for fern is a mixture of compost soil.
Watering should be done by immersing the plant above the media that have been given water. This is done to avoid the damaging fern. Its sensitiveness on water can lead it to rot. Watering is done once a day so the leaves do not wilt or dry. Watering is also done on the land around the fern. Avoid excessive leaf exposed to water which can result in becoming rotten. We recommend spraying method using a spray tool to keep the water needed by the leaf. Keep in mind that the plant should not have stagnant water neither root nor excess water on the leaves, to avoid rot.